Lectures per week: 2+0+0
Lecturer: Katalin Pecsenye, dr. (associate professor)
Aims of the course: To give basic knowledge in population genetics.
The program of the course: Description of genetic variation in natural populations: genotype and allele frequencies. Genetic equilibrium in a Mendelian population. The evolutionary significance of mutations. Chromosomal and genome mutations. Evolutionary consequences of polyploidy. Inbreeding and inbreeding depression. Natural selection. The significance of equilibrium in population genetics. The effect of genetic drift: erosion of genetic variation, bottle neck and founder effect. Genetic differentiation and gene flow. Migration models. The consequences of habitat fragmentation, the significance of ecological corridors. Genetic load. The size of genetic load in different equilibrium situations. The neutral theory of evolution.
Hartl DL. 1998. A Primer of Population Genetics. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
Hedrick PW. 2011. Genetics of Populations. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury, Massachusetts.