Hours/week (lecture+seminar+practical): 3+0+0
Course type: lecture
Pre-requirement(s): basic Botany (B.Sc. level), basic Zoology (B.Sc. level), basic Population Genetics (B.Sc. level)
Course coordinator: Zoltán S. Varga, dr. (professor emeritus), Mihály Földvári, dr. (senior lecturer)
Aims of the course (partial/complete skills and competencies): The course consists of several basic chapters of Evolutionary Biology, based on recent textbooks and comprehensive review papers. The aim of the lecture is mostly theoretical: the students should become familiar with the evolutionary interpretation of diverse biological patterns and processes. Preparation of the students for individual study of literary sources.
Topics of the course: The major steps and transitions of evolution. The origin and organisation of the Eukaryotic genom. Origin of new genes and modular organisations in Eukaryotes. Types and evolutionary significance of transposable elements, the “rare genomic changes”. Evolution of the Hox genetic block and the origins of segmentation. Chromosomal organisation and evolution: inversions, Robertsonian fusions, fragmentation and poliploidy. Chromosomal mechanisms of speciation. Hybridogene speciation and allopolyploidy. The taxonomical, the biological and phylogenetic species concept; evolutionarily significant units within species. The genetic structure of species and speciation. Prae- and postzygotal isolation mechanisms in the process of speciation. Allopatric speciation, types and case studies. Founder effect and rapid speciation in peripheric isolation. Glacial periods, refugia and Quaternary speciation. Hybrid zones between allopatric species. Character displacement and re-inforcement. Synpatric speciation and genetic mechanisms in phytophagous and parasitic species. Evolution of life cycles and reproductive strategies. Coevolution: genetic mechanisms and types: coevolution of competitors, floral-pollinator and host-parasite coevolution. Supra-specific evolution: cladogenesis and macro-evolutionary trends. Evolution of the ontogenese, the “Evo-Devo” approach. Evolution of the Biosphere. Biogenic climatic stability. Plate tectonic cycles, mass extinctions and adaptive radiations, case studies. The hominid evolution.
Ridley M. 1996. Evolution. Blackwell, Cambridge or: Ridley, M. 2004. Evolution. 2.ed. Oxford UP. Oxford-New York-Tokyo.
Avise JC. 2000. Phylogeography. The History and Formation of Species. Harward U.P., Cambridge, Mass.
Futuyma DJ. 1989. Evolutionary Biology. Sinauer Ass., Massachusetts.
Howard DJ. & Berlocher SH. 1998. Endless Forms. Species and Speciation. Oxford U.P.
Otte JA. & Endler JA. (ed.) 1989. Speciation and consequences. Sinauer, Massachusetts.
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia: Evolution, Phylogeny, etc.